jpa00 : Getting Started

num ready? description assigned MW lect due MW lect assigned TR lect due TR lect
jpa00 true Getting Started Sun 03/27 12:30PM Fri 04/01 11:59PM

This assignment is jpa00, i.e “Java Programming Assignment 00”.

If you find typos or problems with the lab instructions, please report them on the #typos channel on Slack


This lab checks that you can succesfully edit, compile, run and submit a simple to Gradescope for grading.

This lab requires Java 17.

How to install Java 17 and Maven on your own machine

Do I really need Java 17?

You may be wondering whether it’s ok if you have Java 15 or Java 11, or Java 8, or some other version of Java instead of Java 17. This short answer is: for this simple Hello lab, it probably won’t make a difference, but eventually it probably will. So if you are going to the trouble of installing Java on your system, try to make sure it’s Java 17, specifically, which (unlike Java 12, 13, 14, 15, 18 or 19) is considered a Long-Term Support release of Java.

Read more here if you are interested:

Something for everyone to learn

Note that even if you have done Java programming before, there may be a few things about this program that may be unfamiliar to you. These have to do with setting us up for real world programming practices used in large software projects.

There a few details, but they are all straightforward. It shouldn’t take very long, and if it goes well, you’ll be able to start on the next lab right away.

That one may actually take quite a bit more work.

Step 0: Getting oriented

Even if you aren’t using CSIL for this assignment, it’s still a good idea to make sure your CSIL account is working and configured.

If you’ve used CSIL before, there continue to be ongoing changes to how we interact with CSIL. So please read this carefully.

  1. You should have a College of Engineering (CSIL) Account. If you don’t, you can create one by visiting

    If this is your first Computer Science course at UCSB, you’ll definitely need to do that.

  2. Once you have a CSIL account, please know that the way of remotely logging in to CSIL changed in Fall 2020.

    Before Fall 2020, you were asked to not use, but instead to use,, etc.


    Going forward, until told otherwise please use only, and do not use,, etc.

    As far as how to login, we’ll cover that in in the next item.

  3. If you’ve ssh’d to before, but haven’t logged into that site recently (i.e. since Summer 2020), you might find that you get an error message when trying to login due to stale values in a file ion your system called known_hosts. The old entry in that file for will need to be deleted, since the hostid value has changed over the summer.

    Otherwise, any time you connect to, the connection may be immediately closed.

    The exact location of this file may be different on different systems, but its likely in a directory called .ssh under your home directory. Keep in mind that .ssh may be a hidden file.

    So the command you need might be something like this:

    • vim ~/.ssh/known_hosts to edit the file and remove the line for
    • emacs ~/.ssh/known_hosts if you prefer that editor
    • rm ~/.ssh/known_hosts if you just want to delete the file completely.

    Deleting that file will just mean that the first time you connect to any particular system, you’ll be asked whether you really want to connect to that system, and store it’s identifying information in your known_hosts file, and you’ll have to respond yes.

  4. If you already have used an SSH client before, you can continue using that same client, but specify as the hostname.

    If you haven’t used an ssh client before, consult these pages for hints:

    There are also channels on the course slack,, for #help-windows and #help-macos. Use the #help-other if you need help for a system other than Windows or Mac (e.g. Linux, Chromebook, etc.)

  5. Ideally, you will already know the following things from previous courses (CMPSC 16, 24, 32). It is possible that if you are joining UCSB for the first time in this course, some of this may be unfamiliar to you. The rest of these instructions will assume you know how to do the items in the list below. If not, then let a member of the course staff know, and we’ll point you to resources where you can come up to speed.

    • knowing how to use a basic text editor such as emacs or vim to edit files. (Here, for example, is some basic instruction on vim )
    • knowing basic Unix/Linux commands to create directories, change directory, manipulate files, i.e. commands such as: mkdir, cd, pwd, mv, rm, ls. If those topics are new to you, please reach out to the instructor to let them know, and ask for pointers to resources where you can study up on these skills.
  6. We strongly encourage the use of VSCode as an editor this course. For this assignment, it will not matter what editor you use, but in future assignments, the use of an IDE will become more important. We’ll discuss this more in lecture.

The rest of the lab: Step-by-Step

Step 1: If you are on CSIL, configure your account for Java 17

If you are not working on CSIL

Otherwise, login to your CSIL account, and start by checking whether JAVA_HOME is already defined. Type echo $JAVA_HOME

If it is not already defined, it should look like this:


[pconrad@csilvm-03 STARTER-jpa00]$ echo $JAVA_HOME

[pconrad@csilvm-03 STARTER-jpa00]$ 

If instead it looks like this, then you have an old definition of JAVA_HOME associated with your account, and we’ll need to update it.


[pconrad@csilvm-03 STARTER-jpa00]$ echo $JAVA_HOME
[pconrad@csilvm-03 STARTER-jpa00]$ 

In either case, what you want is to add these lines to your ~/.bash_profile file:

export JAVA_HOME=/usr/lib/jvm/java-17-openjdk
export PATH=$JAVA_HOME/bin:$PATH

If you already had a definition of JAVA_HOME it was likely in ~/.bash_profile, but to be sure, check also in ~/.bash_login and ~/.bashrc and remove any old versions of the definition of JAVA_HOME.

After making this change, logout and log back in again, and check echo $JAVA_HOME. It should now say: /usr/lib/jvm/java-17-openjdk

The next thing to check is that when you type javac --version for the Java compiler, that you get version 17, like this:

[pconrad@csilvm-03 STARTER-jpa00]$ javac --version
javac 17.0.1
[pconrad@csilvm-03 STARTER-jpa00]$ 

Then check that the Java Virtual Machine (the java command) gives you the correct version:

[pconrad@csilvm-03 STARTER-jpa00]$ java --version
openjdk 17.0.1 2021-10-19
OpenJDK Runtime Environment 21.9 (build 17.0.1+12)
OpenJDK 64-Bit Server VM 21.9 (build 17.0.1+12, mixed mode, sharing)
[pconrad@csilvm-03 STARTER-jpa00]$ 

Finally, check that when you run mvn --version which is the command for Maven, that it is pointing to Java 17 as your Java version.

[pconrad@csilvm-03 STARTER-jpa00]$ mvn --version
Apache Maven 3.6.3 (Red Hat 3.6.3-8)
Maven home: /usr/share/maven
Java version: 17.0.1, vendor: Red Hat, Inc., runtime: /usr/lib/jvm/java-17-openjdk-
Default locale: en_US, platform encoding: UTF-8
OS name: "linux", version: "5.15.12-100.fc34.x86_64", arch: "amd64", family: "unix"
[pconrad@csilvm-03 STARTER-jpa00]$ 

Step 2: Get setup with github and add yourself to our organization

We will be using in this course. We have created an organization called on where you can create repositories (repos) for your assignments in this course.

The advantage of creating private repos under this organization is that the course staff (your instructors and TAs) will be able to see your code and provide you with help, without you having to do anything special.

To join this organization, you need to do three things.

  1. If you don’t already have a account, create one on the “free” plan. Visit

  2. If you don’t already have your email address associated with your account. go to “settings”, add that email, and confirm that email address. (If you have an address registered there, that also works.)

  3. Visit our Github Sign Up Tool at Navigate to Login with your account. Click “Home”, find this course (CS156, S22), and click the “Join course button”. That will automatically send you an invitation to join the course organization on github.

  4. There should be a link to the invitation for the GitHub organization for this course ( Click on the invitation link and accept it. You can also go straight to and see the invitation there (if you’re logged in). Accept the invitation that appears in your browser (from step 3) or log into your account on to accept the invitation.

Step 3: Get setup with gradescope

We will use gradescope to grade all your homeworks, exams and lab/programming assignments. I have manually added everyone (using your accounts) currently enrolled in the course to the Gradescope system. You should have received an email notification with instructions about logging into gradescope. Once you follow the instructions to set your password, you should have access to our course on Gradescope. You should see CS156 in your S22 courses.

The lab assignment jpa00 should appear in your Gradescope dashboard in CS156. You will need to submit your code for jpa00 using this page.

Step 4: Set up your local system

If you are doing this lab on CSIL (which you can only do if/when Java 17 is installed there), then you don’t have to do this step for now.

However, we strongly encourage you do to this step. The sooner you get a Java 17 + Maven environment working on your local system, the easier time you will have with the rest of the work in this course.

What you’ll need:

There are instructions here for various platforms.

Step 5: Configure your machine for git/GitHub

Whether you are working on CSIL, or on your own machine, you need to configure the environment you are working in for access to git/GitHub.

We want to be able to use git and GitHub with ssh links, so we need to set up public-key/private-key pairs.

We also want to set up git so that it records our commits properly.

  1. git configuration: Detailed Instructions

  2. Configure ssh keys for git
  3. If you are brand new to git and github, review a few basic facts about git and
    • detailed information here

Step 6: Finding your jpa00 repo on GitHub

Open a web browser and login to GitHub, then navigate to the course organization page,

You should see that there is a private repo in this organization called jpa00-yourGithubId, where yourGithubId is replaced with your GitHub id. This is the repo that you’ll be using for this assignment.

This is currently an empty repo. In the next step, we’ll clone this empty repo into a directory, either on your CSIL account, or on your local system.

Step 7: Cloning the repo

  1. If you are working on CSIL, login to your CSIL account, create a ~/cs156 subdirectory, and change directory into it. Otherwise, create a directory somewhere on your machine for cs156, and cd into that.

    mkdir ~/cs156
    cd ~/cs156

    You can actually use any directory you like, but for consistency, we’ll refer to ~/cs156 throughout the rest of the instructions.

  2. Now, go to the web page, and find your jpa00-userid repo. The page should look something like this:


    You should see a button for SSH; select that button. Then there is a button to copy the URL shown; click that to copy the URL.

  3. Now type this command, replacing url with the url that you copied.

    That url should be something like but with your GitHub id in place of cgaucho.

    git clone url

    You’ll will see a warning message that you are cloning an empty repo; that’s normal.

    Cloning into jpa00-cgaucho…
    warning: You appear to have cloned an empty repository

  4. If you use the ls command, you should now have a subdirectory called jpa00-cgaucho (except cgaucho will be your GitHub username.) Use a cd command to change directory into that directory, e.g.

    cd jpa00-cgaucho

    An ls -a should reveal an empty directory except for the .git subdirectory indicating that this is a GitHub repo.

    % ls -a
    .	..	.git

    We are now ready to pull in some starter code.

Step 8: Locate the starter code.

First, let’s take a look at this remote on GitHub, here:

You should see that the for this repo has an explanation of the contents of the starter code. Read though this explanation to learn more about:

Next, we’ll add this starter code as a second remote for our repo.

Step 9: A remote for starter

If you’ve used git before, you may be familiar with the command:

git pull origin master

The word origin in this case refers to a remote, that is a repo that lives somewhere out there on the network.

The word master refers to the default branch of the repo. The default branch of GitHub repos recently changed from master to main; we’ll be using main throughout this course.

If you type the following command, you’ll see that origin is defined as a remote for the repo that you cloned from. Your output will look similar, except that you’ll have your GitHub in place of cgaucho:

% git remote -v
origin (fetch)
origin (push)

Now, we are going to add a second remote. This remote will use the URL for the starter code.

The image below shows how to copy that URL: (1) Click the green Code button. (2) Select SSH to choose that as the network protocol for the URL (3) Click the icon to copy the URL to your clipboard.


Then, use this command to add a remote called starter for the starter code repo:

git remote add starter paste-url-here

After this command, use git remote -v to list all your remotes. Your output should look like this (except your GitHub id in place of cgaucho):

% git remote -v
origin (fetch)
origin (push)
starter (fetch)
starter (push)

Step 10: Pull Starter Code into your Repo

The next step is to pull the starter code into your repo, and then push that code to your origin repo on GitHub.

Here are the three commands:

git checkout -b main
git pull starter main
git push origin main

After these three commands, go look at your repo on GitHub, i.e. the repo at this url (but substituting your GitHub id for cgaucho:)

You should see that instead of an empty repo, you now have a copy of the starter code.

The starter code should compile and run, and can even be submitted to Gradescope for a grade. Of course, it won’t be for full credit, but we can at least make sure that the mechanisms are working. So let’s give it a try.

Step 11: Compile and run the Starter code

To compile the starter code, return to a shell prompt in the directory where your cloned your repo. You should see, when you type ls, that the file pom.xml is in the current directory. For best results, you should always run Maven from this directory.

To compile type mvn compile.

Then, type mvn package. You should see a lot of output, but somewhere in that output, something like this:

 [INFO] Building jar: target/hello-1.0.0.jar

That indicates that you have built a .jar (or Java Archive) file. This file is a compressed archive of all of the compiled Java code from your program. You can run it with this command:

java -cp target/hello-1.0.0.jar Hello

You should see output like this:

% java -cp target/hello-1.0.0.jar Hello
This is the wrong output!

The line This is the wrong output! is being produced by the line of code:

        System.out.println("This is the wrong output!");

You should eventually change this line to produce the correct output. But, don’t do that just yet. Let’s first see what happens when you submit a program with errors in it to Gradescope.

Step 12: Submit incorrect Java code to Gradescope

In this step, we’ll see what happens when you submit two incorrect program to Gradescope. We aren’t grading this step, so you could skip it, but we strongly encourage you to do it anyway, because it’s important to be able to understand how the autograders work on a simple case before dealing with a more complex case.

First, we’ll submit the starter code “as is” to Gradescope. Gradescope will be expecting a program that produces, as it’s output Hello, World! (followed by a newline).

Instead, your code currently produces: This is the wrong output! followed by a newline.

We want to see what the Gradescope output looks like in that case.

To submit to Gradescope, navigate to:

You should have an account invitation in your email. If you don’t, ask an instructor, TA or mentor for assistance.

To submit your work, you should be able to click on the GitHub link in Gradescope, and locate your repo. The first time you do this, it may take a while; be patient before giving up. If it still doesn’t work after a while, you can either (a) ask the staff for assistance, or submit a zip file as an alternative.

After you submit, it will take some time for Gradescope to process your submission. Once it’s processsed, you should see output similar to this:

Gradescope output from starter code

The most important part is this:

expected:<[Hello, World]!
> but was:<[This is the wrong output]!

Note that it tells you exactly what was different between the expected and actual output (the part in []). The ! is the same in both parts, so it is outside the [].

Once you’ve understood this output, let’s move on and see what happens when you submit code with a syntax error.

Go into the file src/main/java/, and remove the semicolon at the end of the statement:

 System.out.println("This is the wrong output!");

So that it reads:

  System.out.println("This is the wrong output!")

This, of course, has a syntax error.

Try using mvn compile and see what happens when you submit this.

Then, commit this change to Github.

(Normally, we would NOT push code that has a syntax error, but for purposes of this experiment, we will.)

Add/Commit/Push with these commands:

git add src/main/java/
git commit -m "commit code with syntax error to test autograder"
git push origin main

Now, submit to Gradescope again. You should see output like this:

Now that you understand what a failed compile looks like, let’s finally fix the code and finish the lab.

Step 13: Submit correct Java code to Gradescope

Now, fix the code so that it produces the correct output. Change the file src/main/java/ so that the System.out.println method call reads:

        System.out.println("Hello, World!");

Test this locally by compiling and running the code:

mvn compile
mvn package
java -cp target/hello-1.0.0.jar Hello

You should see the correct output, Hello, World!.

Now, commit this change:

git add src/main/java/
git commit -m "correct the output"
git push origin main

Then submit to Gradescope again.

Once you see that you have a score of 100 for jpa00 on Gradescope, you are done with jpa00.