For due date: see the jpa03 entry on Canvas.
If you run into problems, let us know on the
#jpa03-help channel on the slack.
This is an individual lab on the topic of deploying Java web apps that use OAuth and Databases, using Dokku.
You may cooperate with one or more pair partners from your team to help in debugging and understanding the lab, but each person should complete the lab separately for themselves.
By the end of this lab, you’ll have deployed your own copy of the starter code repo (https://github.com/ucsb-cs156-s23/STARTER-jpa03) on both localhost and Dokku.
This app is a full-stack web app with:
- A front-end built in React (under the directory
- A back-end built in Spring Boot (the code for this is under the directory
./src, plus the
pom.xmlat the top level
- OAuth integration; this allows the app to have a “login/logout” feature based on Google Accounts (e.g. your UCSB Google Account)
- A SQL database, which runs using H2 (an in-memory database) on localhost, and using Postgres when running on Dokku.
- Automatic generation of javadoc and storybook web pages for both the production code (
mainbranch) and all branches that have open pull requests targetting the
This app is not intended as a coherent app to solve a real-world problem, but as a code base that demonstrates many of the techniques you would need in such an app. The legacy code apps that we’ll work with in this course have a similar structure.
Here is an example of this app, up and running. Try logging in with your UCSB Google Credentials:
If the menu looks like this, click on the hamburger icon (☰) to expose the Login button:
It should then look like this, and you shoudl be able to login:
Once you are logged in, you’ll see a menu like this one:
Neither of the menus will do much of anything: it turns out that the application is set up to only allow “Admin Users” to do Create, Update, or Delete operations. When you configure your own instance, though, you’ll be able to make yourself an admin user, so you’ll see more functions.
So, let’s get started.
You’ll need an environment where you can test this lab out on localhost before deploying.
- The best choice is your own laptop if you have one available
- The best known alternative is using Github Codespaces
- CSIL is not a good choice; you’ll probably exceed your disk or file quota if you try.
For working on your own machine, you’ll need the following:
- Java 17
- Heroku CLI
- Node 14
- npm 8.3
See guides for installing these on your machine at this link:
This lab, similar to
jpa02 has little to no programming. The point of the lab is to walk you through the steps you need to take to deploy full-stack Spring Boot/React apps on Dokku, configuring them for Google OAuth (for logins) and a Postgres database.
There are quite a few configuration steps that are needed, and we want to get you used to those before we start introducing the coding challenges as well.
There should already be a repo for you under the course organization with a name in this format:
where github is your github id.
If not, create one for yourself following that naming convention; it should initially be public, and empty (no
README, license or
Clone that repo somewhere and cd into it.
Then add this remote:
git remote add starter https://github.com/ucsb-cs156-s23/STARTER-jpa03
That sets up
starter as a remote with the code from this github repo:
git checkout -b main git pull starter main git push origin main
Before we start configuring your app, let’s take just a moment to learn what OAuth is
OAuth is a protocol that allows you to delegate the login/logout functionality (user authentication) to a third party such as Google, Facebook, GitHub, Twitter, etc. If you’ve ever used a website that allows you to “Login with Google”, “Login With Facebook”, or “Login with Github” then chances are good that app was built using OAuth.
Indeed, you’ve already encountered an examples of GitHub OAuth earlier in the course when you used your GitHub account to log into the https://ucsb-cs-github-linker.herokuapp.com
When implementing a website that can store information and making it available on the public internet it’s important to secure the site; otherwise, bad actors may fill your database with unsavory material.
One choice is to implemnent our own username/password authentication, but I want to strongly caution you: if you take on the responsibility of storing passwords, you are assuming a lot of risk. The problem is that people reuse passwords, so even if you think that your site isn’t that important, the problem is that the passwords you are storing might be the same ones folks are using for other sensitive apps.
Using OAuth sidesteps this issue:
- Your app never actually sees the password the user enters; it is entered on a page that is hosted by Google (or Facebook, or Github, or whoever is providing the OAuth service.)
- The user doesn’t need to come up with a new username or password; they can use one they already have.
Implementing OAuth can be tricky at first, but once you get the hang of it, it’s far easier than everything you would need to do to really work with usernames/passwords securely and safely.
The next step is to read through the
README.md and configure your app as indicated there.
- Configuring GitHub Pages for the documentation
- Getting Started on localhost, which includes:
- Setting up Google OAuth credentials
- Entering those credential in the
- Learning how to run the backend and frontend in separate windows
I already made this point, but I really, really want to emphasize it.
One of the values in the
.env file is called a client secret for a reason.
If it leaks, it can be used for nefarious purposes to compromise the security of your account; so don’t let it leak!
Never, ever, commit those to GitHub, and try to only share them in DMs on Slack (not in public channels).
Security starts with making smart choices about how to handle credentials and tokens. The stakes get higher when you start being trusted with credentials and tokens at an employer, so learning how to handle these with care now is a part of developing good developer habits.
The staff reserve the right to deduct points if we find that you have committed your
.env file to GitHub.
Once you’ve completed your setup, GitHub Actions should be running on the main branch with a green check, not a red X. If there are problems there, address those as best you can before submitting.
The steps to get your app up and running on Dokku are documented here:
- Creating the dokku app
- Creating the postgres database and linking it to your app
- Setting up the needed environment variables with
dokku config:set app-name VARIABLE=VALUE
Once you have your app up and running try logging in with OAuth, and store things in the database.
If it doesn’t work:
- Check on the Slack channel #help-jpa03 to see if there are any known issues.
- Ask folks on your own team for help first on your team’s slack channel.
- Post a specific question on the #help-jpa03 slack channel—note what you were trying to do, what you expected, and what happened instead. Screenshots or copy/pasted console output is helpful!
- Come to office hours (posted here: <>)
- Ask during class on
At the top of your README.md, you’ll find this:
Follow these instructions; i.e. put in the link to your running app on Dokku, and remove the comment so that afterwards it looks something like this (but with your actual Dokku link, not the example value shown here).
Here’s a checklist to look over before submitting on Canvas:
- On the main page for the repo: is the app “green on CI”? i.e. does the
mainbranch have a green check for the Github Actions scripts?
- On the main page for the repo: is there a link to the apps Github Pages site on the main page for the repo? (i.e. the site whose URL is something like
- Does the Github Pages site link take you to a page with links to javadoc and storybook?
- Do those javadoc and storybook links work?
- In the README.md file: is there a link to the running app?
- Does OAuth work on the running app, i.e. can I log in with my Google login?
- Did you remember to add the instructor, your mentor, your fellow teamm members, and yourself to the
ADMIN_EMAILSvariable in your
- Did you deploy a database, and if so, do the CRUD operations work when you log in?
If so, then you are ready to submit on Canvas.
- Submit the link to your repo, not the link to your running app.
- (10 pts) Basic Logistics
- Having a repo with the correct name in the correct organization with the starter code for this lab
- There is a post on Canvas for this assignment that has the correct content
- (10 pts) README has a link to your repo.
- (20 pts) Having a running web app at https://jpa03-githubid.dokku-xx.cs.ucsb.edu
- (20 pts) Running web app has the ability to login with OAuth through a Google Account.
- (20 pts) Github Pages are set up correctly.
- (20 pts) GitHub Actions runs correctly and there is a green check (not a red X) on your main branch
Note that the Rubric above is subject to change, but if it does:
- You’ll be notified during a class meeting
- You’ll have an additional week from the date of the announced change to get your repo in shape with the new requirements.